- C -
Carcinogen - A cancer-causing substance.
Casing - A pipe or tubing lowered into a borehole in order to support the sides of the hole, or to prevent water or gas from entering or exiting the hole.
Catastrophic collapse - The disastrous, sudden, and utter failure of support structures or soils.
CC&Rs - The conditions, convenent and restrictions of a community association.
Cell am/fm tower - A communications tower that is used to transmit radio and cell telephone calls.
Cemetery - Proximity or view of a cemetery or burial site.
Cementing - The injection of cement slurry into a drilled hole or behind the casing.
CERCLA - Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980. Often referred to as the Superfund Act. This are further delineated between active (still in use) and inactive (no longer in use) sites.
Chlorinated solvents - Cleaning solutions containing chloride.
Creeks - Small streams that run through or near a property.
College - A university or other campus for high learning.
Condemnation - The right, as stated within the U.S. Constitution, of the government to take property for the public good and upon the payment of just compensation to the property owner.
Confining bed - A mass of impermeable or less permeable material stratigraphically adjacent to an aquifer.
Confining zone - A geological formation that limits the movement of water or other fluids.
Connection with identified uses - The association of a property with contaminants or prior uses that lead to contamination.
Conservation area - An area designated as being sensitive in terms of its natural resources.
Construction defect - Improvements that have been improperly constructed.
Contaminant - Any physical, chemical, biological, or radiological substance in the soil, water, or air.
Contamination - The polluting of air, soils, improvements, or groundwater by the introduction of a hazardous substance into the environment.
Continuous discharge - An emission that occurs without interruption except for maintenance or other infrequent activity.
Contraction - Expansion of soils.
Corrosion inhibitor - A substance that is designed to form a protective film against rust or other corrosion.
Cost issues - All costs related to the assessment, repair, and ongoing stages of a detrimental condition analysis.
Covenant - A promise to use or not use a property in a specific way.
Cracking - Any cracking to the floors or other improvements.
Crime scene - A property that has been the scene of criminal activity.
Criminal activity - Any behavior on a property that is illegal.
Cultural resource - Any site or improvements on a property that have a cultural significance, such as ancient burial grounds.
Current or past uses in the surrounding area - The external obsolescence created by a historical or ongoing undesirable use nearby.
Current use(s) of the property - The operations or applications to which a property is being put.
Current uses of adjoining properties - The operations or applications to which contiguous properties are being put.
Cut and fill - The removal (cut) of soil or the addition (fill) of soil.
Cyclone - A violent storm with a rotating center of low atmospheric pressure.
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